A Christmas present to unwrap at the table.
(By the way, I’ll likely use both tamal and tamale to refer to these items in the singular. While tamal is technically correct and the word tamale emerged because English doesn’t pluralize the same way Spanish does, I’ve heard tamale for too many years for it to sound strange to me.)
A tamalada is a lot like a cookie-decorating party; it distributes a labor-intensive job among a group of friends and family in a way that makes it seem like it’s not work at all. Children learn the family traditions and secret recipes while aunts and uncles comment on how big they’re getting. It’s also an exceptionally old tradition.
These are only suggested fillings. If a diversity of fillings was good enough for the Aztecs, then it’s good enough for me.
We talked about the Aztecs and the process of making nixtamalized corn in the recipe for tortillas from Ceres, California. If you need a refresher on nixtamalization, read that, first; if not, let’s move on. The Aztecs were making various types of tamales at least as far back as 5,000 B.C., which was when they started cultivating corn.
Instead, the nixtamal would be wrapped in a corn husk (or banana leaf or avocado leaf), tied shut, and then could be heated in the coals of the fire or eaten on the go. From that basic framework, the Aztecs produced a diversity of tamales. By using a variety of meats, vegetables, fruits, and nuts, tamales could be energy bars, protein bars, or even granola bars of a sort, depending on what the maker thought was required at a given time.
Actually, the similarities are uncanny. While the origin of onigiri is probably sometime before the 8th century A.D.–the point where chopsticks started becoming widespread, so it wasn’t as essential that rice be rolled into shapes to eat it–it was about nine centuries later when the rice balls became portable food for the samurai, wrapped in dried bamboo leaves, which are about the color of horn husks, but longer. If time allowed, they could be cooked on the fire, making yaki (grilled) onigiri. Sound familiar?
But back to tamales. What we’re more familiar with here, of course, emerged in the mid-to-late 19th century on the West Coast. An early domestic mention of tamales was included in the November 3, 1883 edition of the Boston Globe (in a story originating in the San Francisco Post):
Hot “Tamales.”(Skipping to the recipe--click to expand the first two grafs...)
Mystic Mexican Sandwiches Sold Only on San Francisco Streets.
[San Francisco Post.]
A nocturnal article of food peculiar to certain sections of the great metropolis, New York, during the winter months, is “hot corn.” San Francisco’s promenade street corners have never yet been occupied by hoarse-voiced vendors of “hot corn! hot corn!” but nightly, for the past couple of years, they have been tenanted by silent, dark-faced men, in long white dusters, who sell, for “ten cents each, three for twenty-five cents,” an edible–“tamales”–unknown, as regards taste and composition, to most San Franciscans, and never heard of, perhaps, elsewhere in this country.
Punctually, at about 8:30 each evening, may be seen to arrive at their accustomed stations the tamales men. Placing upon a light folding stand the pail, packed full of the steaming hot tamales, over-covered with several thicknesses of cloth to retain the heat, and putting beside the pail a pile of brown wrapping-paper and a lantern, the tamales man awaits his customers, the last of whom may walk away with the last tamales not before 12:30 or 1 o’clock.
“There are now twelve tamales men selling from stands,” said Jose Rodriguez, “and there are men running about. The business is in the hands of us Spaniards, and tamales have been introduced here from Mexico, where they have been eaten for many years. To make tamales we take a chicken and clean it up nice and then boil it. When it is cold we cut it up on a block as they do meat to make Hamburg steak. Then we take sufficient corn husks and dip them in cold water. The next step is to grind the quantity of corn. Then we grind fine some chile peppers and stew with a little flour and lard to confer flavor, and after a little take it off and let it cool. The corn husks being all ready and the meal made into a thick paste, we take a piece of chicken, two olives, a tablespoonful of pepper and some meal and arrange it on a husk. Then we take a knife, and, as one butters bread, spread the meal paste on other husks, and finally wrap one husk so prepared around the first husk, and keep on until the tamales are about as big of an ear of corn, when we tie the ends and middle with a narrow piece of husk. And it is done. As soon as enough tamales are made they are placed in an oven and steamed until it is time to take them down town. There is 35 per cent profit, and my sales are such that I get along without doing other business. Do you know that a tamale will sober up a drunken man?”
A couple of notes about the recipe. You should be able to find masa harina flour in most grocery stores, and you can probably get fresh masa from a specialty shop, there’s an alternative recipe included that tries to approximate the texture without using nixtamalized corn. Consider that a last resort, but it’s still better than no tamales at all, I think.
From Yesterdish’s recipe box.
*Read the whole recipe to stage it. Mise en place!
For the dough, either use a maseca mix (follow its directions) or:
- 4 cups of stock
- 2 lbs. yellow cornmeal, plus or minus 6 cups
- 1-1/2 Tbsp. salt (less if your stock is salted)
- 1 Tbsp. baking powder
- 1 cup lard (Yea, lard)
Mix everything in a bowl until the dough looks like mashed potatoes–cover until needed.
The filling (somewhat unconventional, but delicious).
- 1 can of chipotle peppers in adobo sauce
- 1 Tbsp. smoked paprika
- 1 small diced onion
- 4 cloves of garlic
- 1/4 cup chili powder with extra cumin
- 1 seeded jalapeno
- 7 dry, washed, seeded New Mexico Cascabel chiles
- 2-1/2 lb. Boston butt pork roast
- 2 Tbsp. vegetable oil
Put the Boston butt in an 8-quart saucepan. Cover with water and add everything listed. Cook until fork tender (2-1/2 hours or so).
Taste–adjust salt, pepper and seasoning as you like. Cool–shred the pork–save the liquid!
Now, let’s deal with the corn husks.
While the Boston butt is cooking, soak your corn husks in hot water. This should take no less than 1 hour and up to 2 hours. They need to be pliable.
On a dry corn husk (after soaking you need to dry them)–lay 5/6 corn husks. Put 2 Tbsp. of the dough; spread lengthwise 1 Tbsp. of the meat and now fold by rolling the husk so the dough surrounds the meat. Then fold the ends under; tie them up.
Now you cook them.
Stand the tied tamales on their folded end, tightly packed together. Add enough stock/water to come 1″ below the top of the tamales–cover. Cook for 12 minutes to boil, then turn to simmer, lid off, for 1-1/2 hours.
Serve dry, or wet with the meat liquid you reserved. Feliz Navidad!